What do you mean by menstrual disorder?
A menstrual disorder is an irregular condition in a woman’s menstrual cycle, causing pain, unusually heavy or light bleeding, or missed periods.
Typically, a menstrual cycle is about 28 days every month. But numerous things can go wrong with the normal menstrual cycle as a result of physical causes or emotional cause. The physical cause may include as hormone imbalances, genetic factors, clotting disorders, and pelvic diseases. These result in problems like amenorrhea or the cessation of menstruation, menorrhagia or heavy bleeding and dysmenorrhoea or severe menstrual cramps.
Amenorrhea (cessation of menstruation)
There are two types of amenorrhea: primary and secondary. Overall, they affect 2 to 5 percent of childbearing women but the number is considerably higher among female athletes (possibly as high as 66 percent).
Primary amenorrhea occurs when first period is delayed in young girls or there are problems with the development of the reproductive system.
Secondary amenorrhoea is when women of childbearing age after a period of normal menstruation have stopped menstruating for three months. This can be due to causes include pregnancy or breastfeeding, sudden weight loss or gain, intense exercise, stress, endocrine disorders affecting the thyroid, pituitary or adrenal glands.
Dysmenorrhoea (painful menstruation)
During period, the wall of your womb starts to contract more vigorously, to encourage the lining of your womb to shed away as part of your monthly menstrual cycle.
This temporarily cuts off the blood supply (and hence oxygen supply) to your womb. Without oxygen, the tissues in the womb release chemicals called prostaglandins. Prostaglandins encourage the womb muscles to contract further, therefore increasing the level of pain.
There are two types: primary and secondary.
For primary- The symptoms typically start a day or two before menstruation, usually ending when menstruation actually begins. This is caused by prostaglandins.
Secondary dysmenorrhoea has an underlying physical cause and primarily affects older women, although it may also occur immediately after a woman begins menstruation. The pain may feel like regular menstrual cramps, but may last longer than normal and occur throughout the month.
Menorrhagia or heavy bleeding most commonly occurs in the years just before menopause or just after women start menstruating. Menorrhagia refers to long (greater than 7 days) or excessive (more than 80 mL) bleeding that occurs at regular intervals. It is related to a hormonal imbalance, although other causes include fibroids, cervical or endometrial polyps, the autoimmune disease lupus, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), blood platelet disorder or possibly, some reproductive cancer.
Are there different poses to be used during and after menstruation?
During menstruation- Avoiding inverted yoga poses. Performing inverted yoga poses or twisting poses during menstruation could disrupt the flow of the blood, causing more pain and discomfort. Various breathing techniques should be used which will improve blood circulation and ease the flow of blood during menstruation. This also helps you soothe any pain that you experience in your body due to the menstruation. To enhance uninterrupted down flow during menstruation and prevent dysmenorrhoea bending forward in badh konasana, Upavista Konasana, pasasana, yoga mudrasana and sitting in vajra asana are helpful. All of them need to be performed with awareness and deep breathing. Practice Malasana (Garland Pose) for menstrual cramps and Suptabada Konasana (Reclining Bound Angle Pose), which is not only great for relieving menstrual pain but also improves fertility and helps to treat urinary tract infections. To relax irritated muscles and nerves, try supported variations of Supta Virasana, Supta Baddha Konasana. Surya mudra (Gesture of the Sun) this is one of the best yoga poses for delayed menstrual cycle.
Non menstruating period-
- Dhanurasana (bow pose)
- Parivart Trikonasana (Revolved Triangle Pose),
- Janu Shirsana (head to knee pose)
- Baddha konasana (cobbler’s pose)
- Pachimottansana (back to spine stretching pose)
- Sarvang asana (shoulder stand)
- Matysyasana (fish pose)
- Garudasana (eagle pose)
- Ushtrasana (camel pose)
- Shavasana (corpse pose)
- •Nadishodhan Pranayama (alternative nostril breathing)
- Bhramri Pranayama (humming)
- Deep breathing
- Yoga for heart diseases
- Yoga for Diabetes